During a Review Cycle, different employees play different roles. Often times, several employees play more than one roles in writing different kinds of Reviews or writing them for different people. Of course, they can also receive Reviews on their performance in the process.
There are several types of Reviewers based on the roles they pick up, these include
- Self Review
- Manager Review
- Peer Review
- Upward Review
Let’s dig deeper into what each of these mean.
Participants involved: Employee (self)
Self Review is the process of evaluating oneself during a performance review cycle. This often involves reflecting on achievements, strengths, and areas for improvement, and serves as a tool for personal and professional development.
Participants involved: Employee (self) and their Direct Manager
Manager Review is the process for a manager to evaluate the performance of their direct reportees. This usually includes reviewing the employee's productivity, ability to meet goals, punctuality, professionalism, and quality of work. The review often includes a discussion between the employee and manager about the employee's strengths, areas for improvement, and goals or plans for future performance. This is a vital step in a company's performance management process as it provides feedback and direction to employees, aiding their growth and development.
Participants involved: Employee (self) and any of their approved Peers
Peer Review is an evaluation of an individual's work, performance, or productivity by colleagues who are on the same level in the organizational hierarchy. This could be team members, coworkers, or colleagues within the same department or role. The objective of a peer review is to gain a broader perception of an employee's performance from different viewpoints within the team.
Such reviews often provide insights into teamwork abilities, communication skills, technical competence, dependability, and other interpersonal skills. This process encourages shared responsibility for team performance and can be a valuable tool for personal and professional development within the workplace.
Participants involved: Employee (self) and their Manager or Manager of their Manager
An upward review, also known as 360-degree feedback or a reverse performance review, is a process where lower-level employees evaluate their manager's work performance.
Employees are asked to provide anonymous feedback on various areas such as their manager's leadership and management skills, communication effectiveness, goal-setting abilities, and approachability.
This type of review helps managers gain insight into their strengths and areas for improvement from the perspective of those they manage. It is intended to foster open communication, improve working relationships, enhance performance, and contribute to overall organizational growth.